Ubuntu 7.10 32bit personal installation guide

This is personal user guide for quick installation of Ubuntu 7.10 Gutsy Gibbon desktop.


Repositories configuration

Before we start installation proces we have to set package sources.

  1. Backup repositories configuration file placed in path /etc/apt/sources.list
    Run this command in the console:

    sudo cp -p /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list_backup
  2. Open file /etc/apt/sources.list for editing
    Run this command in the console:

    gksu gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
  3. Put content below to the file
    # deb cdrom:[Ubuntu 7.10 _Gutsy Gibbon_ - Release i386 (20071016)]/ gutsy main restricted
    # See http://help.ubuntu.com/community/UpgradeNotes for how to upgrade to
    # newer versions of the distribution.
    
    deb http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted
    deb-src http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted
    
    ## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the
    ## distribution.
    deb http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted
    deb-src http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted
    
    ## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
    ## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to
    ## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in
    ## universe WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu security
    ## team.
    deb http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy universe
    deb-src http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy universe
    deb http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates universe
    deb-src http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates universe
    
    ## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
    ## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to
    ## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in
    ## multiverse WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu
    ## security team.
    deb http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy multiverse
    deb-src http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy multiverse
    deb http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates multiverse
    deb-src http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates multiverse
    
    ## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from the 'backports'
    ## repository.
    ## N.B. software from this repository may not have been tested as
    ## extensively as that contained in the main release, although it includes
    ## newer versions of some applications which may provide useful features.
    ## Also, please note that software in backports WILL NOT receive any review
    ## or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
    # deb http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
    # deb-src http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
    
    ## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Canonical's
    ## 'partner' repository. This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is
    ## offered by Canonical and the respective vendors as a service to Ubuntu
    ## users.
    deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu gutsy partner
    # deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu gutsy partner
    
    deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-security main restricted
    deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-security main restricted
    deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-security universe
    deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-security universe
    deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-security multiverse
    deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-security multiverse
    
    # Skype
    deb http://download.skype.com/linux/repos/debian/ stable non-free
    
    ## WineHQ
    deb http://wine.budgetdedicated.com/apt gutsy main
    deb-src http://wine.budgetdedicated.com/apt feisty main
    
    ## VirtualBox
    deb http://www.virtualbox.org/debian gutsy non-free
    
    ## Medibuntu - Ubuntu 7.10 "gutsy gibbon"
    ## Please report any bug on https://bugs.launchpad.net/medibuntu/
    deb http://packages.medibuntu.org/ gutsy free non-free
    #deb-src http://packages.medibuntu.org/ gutsy free non-free
  4. Save file
  5. Install signs of repository servers
    Run console and run these commands:

    wget -q http://packages.medibuntu.org/medibuntu-key.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -
    wget -q http://wine.budgetdedicated.com/apt/387EE263.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -
    wget -q http://www.virtualbox.org/debian/innotek.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
  6. Update list of repositories
    Run this command in the console:

    sudo apt-get update

Systém update

Adept-notifier is notify you on new updates in graphic mode, but when you are in text console and you want to update system directly this guide is for you.

  • You have to update list of repositories at the start:
    sudo apt-get update
  • You can update your distro now by command:
    sudo apt-get upgrade
  • If you want to update complete distribution (e.g. when you wont upgrade from Kubuntu 6.04 to 6.10) use this command:
    sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

nVidia dirvers

One of the most popular guides is nVidia driver installation process guide. You can find guide how to install nVidia driver at this place.

Requirements

You have to set repositories before installation. Please see ‘Repositories configuration’

How to install nVidia driver

  • Run this command in the console:
    sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install nvidia-glx-new
  • You have to backup your functional xorg.conf
    sudo cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf /etc/X11/xorg.conf.orig
  • You can set nvidia configuration now by this command:
    sudo nvidia-xconfig
  • The drivers should work after system or Xorg restart.

Test

You can test if driver is installed and configured correctly.

  • Run console and run this command in graphic mode:
    glxgears -printfps
  • If you can see window contains gears, everything works fine (you can see FPS report in console)

Starting Xorg without nVidia logo

If you doesn’t want see nVidia logo when Xorg start, you have to do a small change in /etc/X11/xorg.conf file

  • Run this command in the console:
    gksu gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf
  • Find section looks like this:
    Section "Device"
         Identifier      "NVIDIA Corporation NV34 [GeForce FX 5200]"
         Driver          "nvidia"
    EndSection
  • and add this line into the section
    Option          "NoLogo"
  • the result should looks like this:
    Section "Device"
         Identifier      "NVIDIA Corporation NV34 [GeForce FX 5200]"
         Driver          "nvidia"
         Option          "NoLogo"
    EndSection

LCD pivot configuration

If your LCD support pivot function you can enable this function by thius guide.

  • Run this command in the console:
    gksu gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf
  • Find section looks like this:
    Section "Device"
         Identifier      "NVIDIA Corporation NV34 [GeForce FX 5200]"
         Driver          "nvidia"
    EndSection
  • and add this line into the section
    Option          "RandRRotation" "on"
  • the result should looks like this:
    Section "Device"
         Identifier      "NVIDIA Corporation NV34 [GeForce FX 5200]"
         Driver          "nvidia"
         Option          "RandRRotation" "on"
    EndSection
  • You can set screen rotation in KDE control center.

Configuration of Czech keyboard in Xorg.conf

You can find guide how to set Czech QWERTY and English keyboard.

Installation process

  • Run this command in the console:
    gksu gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf
  • You have to write root’s password. Then you will see gedit program with opened Xorg.conf file.
  • Find in file section ‘ Section “InputDevice” ‘ related with keyboard.
    This section should look like :

    Section "InputDevice"
    	Identifier	"Generic Keyboard"
    	Driver		"kbd"
    	Option		"CoreKeyboard"
    	Option		"XkbRules"	"xorg"
    	Option		"XkbModel"	"pc105"
    	Option		"XkbLayout"	"us"
    	Option		"XkbOptions"	"lv3:ralt_switch"
    EndSection
  • Please completely comment all lines in the section by using char ‘#’.
    Section should look like :

    #Section "InputDevice"
    #	Identifier	"Generic Keyboard"
    #	Driver		"kbd"
    #	Option		"CoreKeyboard"
    #	Option		"XkbRules"	"xorg"
    #	Option		"XkbModel"	"pc105"
    #	Option		"XkbLayout"	"us"
    #	Option		"XkbOptions"	"lv3:ralt_switch"
    #EndSection
  • Add new section below the commented one:
    Section "InputDevice"
        Identifier  "Generic Keyboard"
        Driver      "kbd"
        Option      "CoreKeyboard"
        Option      "XkbRules"      "xorg"
        Option      "XkbModel"      "pc105"
        Option      "XkbLayout"     "us,cz"
        Option      "XkbVariant"    ",qwerty"
        Option      "XkbOptions"    "grp:alt_shift_toggle,grp_led:scroll"
    EndSection
  • Save file. That’s all.

You can switch keyboards by press combination of keys “SHFT + ALT” after the X server restart. When the LED diode “Scroll Lock” is highlighted you have activated Czech keyboard, when the LED is non highlighted you have enabled English keyboard.


Installation of Skype

You can have this popular communication program in your Linux too. Installation is very easy.

Requirements

You have to set repositories before installation. Please see ‘Repositories configuration’

Installation process

  • Run this command in the console:
    sudo apt-get install skype

Installation of web browser Firefox 2 and Flash plug-in

Requirements

You have to set repositories before installation. Please see ‘Repositories configuration’

Installation process of Firefox 2

  • Run this command in the console:
    sudo apt-get install firefox mozilla-firefox-locale-cs-cz

Installation process of Flash plug-in

  • Run this command in the console:
    sudo apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree

Mail client Thunderbird

Requirements

You have to set repositories before installation. Please see ‘Repositories configuration’

Installation process

  • Run this command in the console:
    sudo apt-get install mozilla-thunderbird thunderbird-locale-cs

How to install JAVA JRE a JDK

A lot of programs use JAVA, because JAVA is fast, platform independent and full object language. If you want run or develop these programs you will need JRE or JDK installed. There is little guide.

Requirements

You have to set repositories before installation. Please see ‘Repositories configuration’

Installation process of JRE (only running Java applications)

  • Run this command in the console:
    sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin sun-java6-fonts sun-java6-plugin

Installation process of JDK (running and develop of Java applications)

  • Run this command in the console:
    sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jdk sun-java6-plugin sun-java6-fonts sun-java6-plugin sun-java6-demo sun-java6-doc

    Note: Before installation you must download JavaDOC from SUN site and save this file to /tmp folder, because deb package sun-java6-doc doesn’t contain documentation but only installation script.


Installation of Adobe Acrobat Reader

One of the most popular formats is PDF. If you want read documents in the PDF format you must install Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Requirements

You have to set repositories before installation. Please see ‘Repositories configuration’

Installation process

  • Run this command in the console:
    sudo apt-get install acroread acroread-plugins
  • Run installed “Adobe Acrobat Reader” and it should give you a message concerning a libgtkembedmoz.so. After you click OK it’ll give you a blank window with no options. Switch back to the previous window and select “Edit > Preferences > Internet”. In the “Select Browser” area put in the following path:
    /usr/lib/firefox

    At this point you can save and close your changes and restart the application.
    Adobe Reader should work without any errors now.

  • If you want integrate your Adobe Acrobat Reader to Firefox run this command:
    sudo apt-get install mozilla-acroread

Multimedia codecs and DVD playback

Installation of codecs and DVD playback is simple as previous installations.

Requirements

You have to set repositories before installation. Please see ‘Repositories configuration’

Installation process

  • Run this command in the console:
    sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-gl gstreamer0.10-plugins-base gstreamer0.10-plugins-good gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse libxine1-ffmpeg w32codecs libdvdcss2

    Tímto jediným příkazem nainstalujete všechny kodeky i podporu pro DVD.

  • If you want play videos in your Firefoxu. Please run this command:
    Run this command in the console:

    susudo apt-get install mozilla-mplayer

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