SSD disk [lang_en]and[/lang_en][lang_cs]a[/lang_cs] Linux

[lang_en]I bought new 250GB SSD disk to my notebook AsusN53SV. You can find my Linux (Ubuntu 11.10) configuration wich I use to maximize SSD disk performance and lifetime.[/lang_en]
[lang_cs]Do mého notebooku AsusN53SV jsem si koupil nový SSD disk 250GB. V toto příspěvku se můžete kouknout na mou konfiguraci Linuxu (Ubuntu 11.10). Doufám že díky tomuto nastavení dostanu z SSD disku maximum a že prodloužím jeho životnost.[/lang_cs]

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SSD disk configuration

„discard“ and „noatime“ attributes

Each partition wich is on SSD disk should have be mounted with „discard,noatime“ attributes.

  • Edit your /etc/fstab
    sudo nano /etc/fstab
  • Modify each partition line which is related to SSD disk. e.g there is modified my root and boot partition.
    /dev/mapper/ssdlvm-mainpartition /               ext4    discard,noatime,errors=remount-ro,user_xattr 0       1
    UUID=5a66498a-e3cb-470c-b37d-e9c312402808 /boot           ext4    discard,noatime,defaults        0       2
  • Save file and reboot your computer

Other modifications

Move /tmp to RAM

Because I have only one disk slot in my notebook and /tmp can demage SSD disk (there are a lot of write operations) I moved my /tmp to RAM (I have 12GB of RAM in my NTB).

  • Delete all content of your /tmp
  • Edit your /etc/fstab
    sudo nano /etc/fstab
  • Modify or add your /tmp mount point. There is line of my /tmp mount point.
    tmpfs	/tmp	tmpfs	nosuid	0	0
  • Save file and reboot your computer

There is my /etc/fstab file

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
#                
proc            /proc           proc    nodev,noexec,nosuid 0       0
/dev/mapper/ssdlvm-mainpartition /               ext4    discard,noatime,errors=remount-ro,user_xattr 0       1
# /boot was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=5a66498a-e3cb-470c-b37d-e9c312402808 /boot           ext4    discard,noatime,defaults        0       2
# /tmp
tmpfs	/tmp	tmpfs	nosuid	0	0

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Disable SWAP

SWAP partition can demage SSD disk too. Move SWAP to HDD or disable it. I didn’t create SWAP when I installed Ubuntu on my SSD.

Move ~/.cache to RAM

System produce a lot of cache files (e.g. browsers cache pages), it can decrese SSD lifetime too. I moved my cache to RAM.

  • Delete folder ~/.cache
    rm ~/.cache -R
  • Create folder for your cache in tmpfs partition (in my case /tmp/.myCache).
    mkdir /tmp/.myCache
  • Create symlink to /tmp/.myCache).
    ln -s /tmp/.myCache ~/.cache
  • You have prepared your cache folder, but after restart you will lost it. You have to modify .profile file.
    nano ~/.profile
  • Add mkdir command to the top of the file.
    # Create folder for my cache files
    mkdir /tmp/.myCache
  • Save file

[/lang_en]
[lang_cs]
Konfigurace SSD disku

„discard“ a „noatime“ atributy

Ka6d8 partition, kter8 se nach8z9 na SSD disku by měla být připojena s atributy „discard,noatime“.

  • Editujte Váš /etc/fstab
    sudo nano /etc/fstab
  • Upravte každý řýdek, který se vztahuje k SSD partition. např: zde jsou mé řádky pro root a boot partition.
    /dev/mapper/ssdlvm-mainpartition /               ext4    discard,noatime,errors=remount-ro,user_xattr 0       1
    UUID=5a66498a-e3cb-470c-b37d-e9c312402808 /boot           ext4    discard,noatime,defaults        0       2
  • Uložte soubor a restartujte počítač

Ostatní úpravy

Přesuňte složku /tmp do RAM

Jelikož mám v notebooku jen jeden slot pro disk a častý zápis do /tmp může SSD poškodit, rozhodl jsem sde /tmp přesunout do RAM. Pokud máte klasický HDD může /tmp přresunout na něj.

  • Smažte obsah Vaší složky /tmp
  • Otevřete /etc/fstab
    sudo nano /etc/fstab
  • Upravte nebo přidejte mount point pro /tmp. Zde je ukázka připojení /tmp do RAM.
    tmpfs	/tmp	tmpfs	nosuid	0	0
  • Uložte soubor a restartujte počítač

Zde je můj /etc/fstab file

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
#                
proc            /proc           proc    nodev,noexec,nosuid 0       0
/dev/mapper/ssdlvm-mainpartition /               ext4    discard,noatime,errors=remount-ro,user_xattr 0       1
# /boot was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=5a66498a-e3cb-470c-b37d-e9c312402808 /boot           ext4    discard,noatime,defaults        0       2
# /tmp
tmpfs	/tmp	tmpfs	nosuid	0	0

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Vypněte SWAP

SWAP partition může taktéž poškodit SSD disk. SWAP přesuňte na HDD nebo jej nezapínejte. Já jsem jej při instalaci Ubuntu na SSD ani nevytvářel.

Přesuňte ~/.cache do RAM

Systém produkuje mnoho drobných souborů do cache (např: prohlížeč vytváří cache stránek a jiných objektů), to může značně snížit životnost SSD. Já jsem přesunul všechny cache soubory na SSD.

  • Smažte složku ~/.cache
    rm ~/.cache -R
  • Vytvořte složku pro cache soubory v RAM (partition tmpfs) (v mém případě /tmp/.myCache).
    mkdir /tmp/.myCache
  • Vytvořte symlink na /tmp/.myCache).
    ln -s /tmp/.myCache ~/.cache
  • Nyní máte vaši složku cache v RAM, ale po restartu o ni přijdete. Aby se tak nestalo musíte modifikovat soubor ~/.profile.
    nano ~/.profile
  • Na začátek souboru přidejte příkaz pro vytvoření služky s cache.
    # Create folder for my cache files
    mkdir /tmp/.myCache
  • Uložte soubor

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